Hypoglycemia is the term used for
when you have too little sugar in
your blood. Other terms are
"insulin-reaction" or "lows."
People with diabetes can get
hypoglycemia if they take too much
blood sugar medication. If you have
too much medication in your blood,
your blood sugar level will become
too low. Some other causes of
abnormally low blood sugar levels
more than usual
at regular mealtimes
part of your meal
complication of “tight control”
of blood sugars.
symptoms of low blood sugar range
from mild to severe. Watch for the
following symptoms that result from
low blood sugar:
must watch your blood sugar level
closely. If you test your blood
sugar regularly, you may be able to
treat hypoglycemia before it causes
high blood pressure medicines called
hide the symptoms of hypoglycemia.
If you are taking medicine for high
blood pressure, talk to your health
care provider about this.
should know the difference between
the symptoms of low blood sugar
(hypoglycemia) and high blood sugar
(hyperglycemia). High blood sugar
doesn't always cause symptoms, but
when it does the symptoms may
include blurry vision, extreme
thirst, and a lot of urination.
How is it
Always carry some form of sugar and
drink or eat it as soon as you have
any symptoms of hypoglycemia. If
possible, check your blood sugar
first. This will help your health
care provider determine the best
management of your sugar levels.
you have mild or moderate
following amounts and types of
foods will bring your blood
sugar level up:
1/4 to 1/3
cup of raisins
2 large or
6 small sugar cubes in water
4 to 6
ounces of regular cola
1/3 to 1/2
a tube (30 grams) of glucose in
gel form (such as InstaGel or
MonGel) or cake icing.
tablespoon of molasses, corn
syrup, or honey.
still have symptoms after eating
or drinking one of the foods
listed above, you may need to
eat or drink another portion.
If you are
about to eat a meal, eat the
fruit or drink the juice first
and then eat the rest of your
you have severe hypoglycemia that is
causing seizures or unconsciousness,
someone should call 911 for
emergency treatment. Your blood
sugar level will be checked and you
may be given an injection. You may
need to go to the hospital so your
health care provider can watch your
reaction to treatment.
will the effects last?
effects of low blood sugar will
continue and worsen until your blood
sugar level is restored to normal.
You will need to take special care
the rest of your life to keep your
blood sugar at the proper level.
How can I
can help prevent hypoglycemia by
following these guidelines:
blood sugar in the normal range.
Check your blood sugar level
regularly and whenever you have
any of the symptoms of
hypoglycemia. Know when to check
your blood sugar and when to
call for help.
or hard candy to eat if your
blood sugar gets too low.
medical ID bracelet or carry a
card that says you are diabetic.
friend, coworker, or family
member how to give you an
Eat a full
meal at regular mealtimes. Do
not skip meals or eat partial
your doctor about proper snacks
before and after exercising.
blood sugar more often when you
are exercising more or eating
less, or when you have been
Developed by Phyllis G. Cooper,
R.N., M.N., and iMcKesson Clinical
Published by iMcKesson Clinical
Copyright © 1991-2000 iMcKesson LLC.
All rights reserved.
from content provided by iMcKesson,
Review Date: 6/7/01