The science of Endocrinology is the study of communication and control within a living organism by means of chemical messengers called hormones.
Hormones are informational molecules that are chemical messengers which are involved in communication both within and between cells.
The Endocrine System consists of glands throughout the body that regulate the function, growth and development of tissues and organs by production of hormones. Endocrine disorders develop when a malfunctioning gland secretes either too much or too little of a hormone due to illness, surgical removal or natural causes.
An Endocrinologist is a physician who is a subspecialist in Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism and who diagnoses, treats and manages patients with disorders of the endocrine system including diseases of the thyroid, the adrenal glands, the parathyroid glands, the male and female sex glands, the pituitary and hypothalamus, calcium and bone metabolism, lipid metabolism as well as the endocrine pancreas.
Endocrinologists are skilled in managing complex metabolic diseases and chronic medical problems related to the endocrine system including diabetes mellitus, lipid disorders, infertility, obesity, growth disorders, osteoporosis and hypertension.